History of Kurnool
Kurnool is an ancient city that was in existence for almost 2000 years. According to historians, it was during the 11th century that the Odderas were transporting stones in carts for the construction of a temple in Alampur and they halted at Kurnool. It was here that the locals supplied grease for the carts and the place came to be known as Kandenavolu (Town of Grease) and eventually Kurnool. Paintings dating back 30,000 to 40,000 years, and as far back as from the Paleolithic era, have been discovered in Kurnool. The state of Kurnool is believed to have been established by a Pathan general and was ruled by Nawabs following this. The town was annexed by the British in 1839. Nawab Dawood Khan was the heir to the kingdom during India’s partition in 1947, following which he immigrated to Pakistan and some of his descendants famously fought in the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971.
Kurnool has an interesting anecdote associated with its name. It is derived from the word Kandanavolu, which is a combination of Kandana meaning grease, and Volu. In the ancient times, when bullock carts were used as a means of transportation by the people, they used to stop at the river Tungabhadra, and apply grease to the wheels of their bullock carts before crossing the river. This gave rise to the name Kandanavolu.
×Konda Reddy Fort
Konda Reddy Fort, also known as Kurnool Fort or Kondareddy Buruju, is located just 2 km away from Kurnool railway station and is the most important place to visit in Kurnool. Thought the fort has lost a lot to ruins, it continues to be one of the highlights of the town and has been a landmark for Kurnool since ages. The structure was built by the rulers of the Vijayanagar Empire.
The modest looking structure, once housed a tunnel that passed from under the Tungabhadra river and still holds a majestic watch tower, looking over to the city that grew around it.
×Sai Baba Temple
This is a famous oldest temple of sai baba and it is also called as dakshina shiridi. The temple will be in star shape and the temple is situated in the banks of the river Tungabhadra. This is very nearer to the city center.
Belum Caves are the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent and the second largest cave in India, located at Belum Village in Kolimigundla Mandal of Kurnool. The caves are geologically and historically important caves for Jains and Buddhists.
Orvakal Rock Garden is located on NH-18 highway about 20 kilometres from Kurnool, The park is famous as for boating, cave museum and picnic areas on the site. Oravakallu Rock park has igneous rock formations between pools of water.
The summer palace of the Kurnool also known as Nawab’s summer palace is Tipu Sultan’s Summer Palace, situated in Banganapalle town. Banganapalle lies in Kurnool district and famous for its mangoes and has a cultivar and Sree Veerappayya Swamy temple.
×Alampur Navabrahma Temples
Alampur temple-town is situated 27 km From Kurnool at the meeting point of the sacred rivers of Tungabhadra and Krishna, also known as Dakshina Kashi. Angameshwar temple,Jogulamba temple and Yogamba devi shrine temple is regarded as a Shakti Peetha.
×Srisailam Mallikarjuna Temple
Srisailam Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva situated at Srisailam and one of the 18 Maha Sakti Peetha. Mallikarjuna Swamy is situated in the Nallamala Hills of Kurnool district on the banks of the Krishna River.
Mahanandi Temple is one of the most beautiful temples in a picturesque village surrounded by thick forest of the Nallamala Hills. The temple is famous for its fresh water pools,Worlds biggest Nandi statue,Nallamalla hill forest and nine Nandi shrines known as Nava nandulu.
Ahobilam is a major pilgrimage center located in the Kurnool and the place where the Lord Narasimha killed the demon Hiranyakashipu and blessed Prahlada. There are nine Narasimhas temples around the Nallamala Forest range and there are two temple houses, lower Ahobilam and upper Ahobilam.
Yaganti is famous for the Sri Yaganti Uma Maheswara Swamy Temple, Dedicatd to Lord Shiva and one of the few temples patronized by one of the great dynasties of India. Famous place in Yaganti are Agastya Cave,Veera Brahmam Cave and the most interesting Growing Nandi, Yaganti Nandi Statue is believed to be growing in size.
Mantralayam is a pilgrim village located in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River on the border with neighboring Karnataka state. The village is known for the brindavan of Raghavendra Swami, a saint who lived in 17th Century and who entered into a Samadhi alive in front of his disciples. Thousands of people visit the Raghavendra Matth and temples which are located on the banks of Tungabhadra River.